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压缩式垃圾车如何保养
2020-01-08 09:54:12   来源:   点击:

压缩式垃圾车保养:Maintenance of compression garbage truck:1、底盘和发动机部分参照有关车型的底盘说明书进行保养;1 The chass


压缩式垃圾车保养:
Maintenance of compression garbage truck:
1、底盘和发动机部分参照有关车型的底盘说明书进行保养;
1. The chassis and engine parts shall be maintained with reference to the chassis instructions of relevant models;
2、每天工作前需检查液压油箱的油面高度。检查方法:推铲油缸、刮板油缸和滑板油缸在全缩位置,填装器在关闭状态,观察油箱上油面高度应在油标的上、下限之间。如不够需及时补充;
2. Check the oil level of the hydraulic oil tank before working every day. Inspection method: the bulldozer oil cylinder, scraper oil cylinder and sliding plate oil cylinder are in the fully retracted position, the filler is in the closed state, and observe that the oil level height on the oil tank should be between the upper and lower limits of the oil level. If it is not enough, it needs to be supplemented in time;
3、常温情况下,液压系统使用抗磨液压油,在天气寒冷地区(0℃以下)使用抗凝液压油(注意不同牌号的油不能混在一起使用,往油箱内加液压油时,必须经滤油器过滤,保证加入的液压油洁净无污染);
3. Under normal temperature, the anti-wear hydraulic oil is used in the hydraulic system, and the anti condensation hydraulic oil is used in the cold weather area (below 0 ℃) (note that the oil of different brands cannot be mixed together, when adding hydraulic oil to the oil tank, it must be filtered by the oil filter to ensure that the added hydraulic oil is clean and pollution-free);
4、新车使用三个月后应更换液压油和滤油器滤芯;以后每使用半年,需更换液压油及清洗滤芯(更换程序:在更换液压油时,推铲油缸、刮板油缸、举升油缸和滑板油缸处于全缩状态,卸下液压油箱的放油螺塞,把旧油放完。卸下油箱内的粗油滤器,清洗粗滤器、放油螺塞和油箱。清洗或更换完后装回,加入干净油至油标刻度范围内,排走管路中混有的空气。排气过程可启动发动机在怠速下运转,油泵作慢速运转进行排气。液压油更换完成后,使液压系统试运转,直到正常工作即可。同时检查各紧固件有无松脱,各密封件有无漏油,发现异常及时修理。);
4. The hydraulic oil and filter element shall be replaced three months after the new vehicle is used; the hydraulic oil and filter element shall be replaced and cleaned every six months after the new vehicle is used (replacement procedure: when replacing the hydraulic oil, the bulldozer oil cylinder, scraper oil cylinder, lifting oil cylinder and sliding plate oil cylinder shall be in full retraction state, and the drain plug of the hydraulic oil tank shall be removed to discharge the old oil completely. Remove the primary oil filter in the oil tank, and clean the primary filter, drain plug and oil tank. After cleaning or replacement, replace it, add clean oil to the oil scale, and drain the air mixed in the pipeline. During the exhaust process, the engine can be started to run at idle speed, and the oil pump can run at a slow speed to exhaust. After the replacement of hydraulic oil, make the hydraulic system run in until it works normally. At the same time, check whether the fasteners are loose, whether the seals have oil leakage, and repair in time in case of any abnormality.) ;
5、高压软管每两年内定期更换,发现有龟裂、老化、局部损坏或膨胀鼓包等现象时应及时更换;
5. The high-pressure hose shall be replaced regularly every two years, and it shall be replaced in time in case of cracking, aging, local damage or swelling;
6、经常检查液压系统漏油清况,并及时维修和更换油封;
6. Check the oil leakage and clean condition of the hydraulic system frequently, and repair and replace the oil seal in time;
7、滑板、推铲导轨,各转轴润滑油嘴应定期加润滑脂,每周应保养1~2次;
7. Lubricating grease shall be regularly applied to sliding plate, bulldozer guide rail and lubricating nipple of each rotating shaft, and the lubricating grease shall be maintained once or twice a week;
8、油缸工作正常,不漏油,不需作拆卸保养工作,当发现油缸漏油或内泄较严重时,作拆卸保养,更换密封圈;
8. The oil cylinder works normally without oil leakage and does not need to be disassembled and maintained. When oil leakage or internal leakage of oil cylinder is found to be serious, the oil cylinder shall be disassembled and maintained and the sealing ring shall be replaced;
9、定期检测液压系统工作压力,本车液压系统工作压力为16MPa。通过对油缸憋压读取多路阀附近压力表上的压力值,来判定液压系统压力是否符合设计压力。若液压系统工作压力与设计压力不符,应调节多路阀上的溢流阀,使工作压力与设计压力相符。
9. Check the working pressure of the hydraulic system regularly. The working pressure of the hydraulic system of this vehicle is 16MPa. By reading the pressure value on the pressure gauge near the multi-channel valve, the pressure of the hydraulic system can be determined whether it conforms to the design pressure. If the working pressure of the hydraulic system is inconsistent with the design pressure, the overflow valve on the multi-channel valve shall be adjusted to make the working pressure consistent with the design pressure.

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